Succulent dormancy is kind of a weird topic because plants go in and out of dormancy based on a bunch of different factors, but for some reason, the succulent world has divided succulents into two groups- summer dormant and winter dormant. If you’ve read many articles on this site, you’ll know I stress paying attention to your succulents. You’ll definitely want to keep these succulents protected from extreme heat as much as possible and limit the amount you water during the summer. Highly effective in rock gardens. Succulents for the most part go through a dormant or hibernation phase in the winter, where all they want is for you to leave them alone. Some succulents growing season is in the winter months which is contrary to what is normally stated when talking about dormancy. Extreme heat and extreme cold will cause most succulents to go into survival mode (aka… dormancy) until things get back to a more tolerable temperature. The list below can be a good starting point. The soil shouldn’t be soggy or else it will promote rot. Like the forum member said, your succulents will tell you what they need… you just have to know what to look for. Sempervivums are cold hardy, can tolerate frost, and might go dormant at below freezing temperatures. Traditionally, succulents might be divided into categories of “Winter Dormant” and “Summer Dormant”. It hinders the growing process of plants and freezes them out. Even though the plant might look dead, the roots are healthy. Succulent plants, like all plants, have seasonal growth patterns. Given strong light and warm temps (and a reasonable amount of water), very few cacti or succulents will actually enter a hard winter dormancy, let alone require one. Overwintering Succulents How to keep succulents happy during the cold winter months Where you live makes a big difference when it comes to the well-being of your succulents in winter. Therefore stop watering them once the temperature drops and the days become shorter. Before we get started on our list of tips, we wanted to note one thing — most succulents and cacti go dormant by the time fall comes, which means that they will not grow throughout the winter. If you have Aeoniums outdoors during extremely hot temperatures, they’ll appreciate some water to keep their roots cool. That, in essence, is the art of horticulture.”. Let’s dive in to what that actually means for succulents. Some signs indicating that a succulent starts “sleeping” is that it stops producing new growth completely, the leaves might turn yellow/brown and either drop or hang limply off the sides of the succulent stem. Copyright 2013-2020 Succulents and Sunshine LLC. Orostachys is a charming winter succulent that deserves to be more widely grown. In fact, dormancy is most commonly observed in temperate plants (which most succulents are not). You’ll find them growing the most during the fall, winter and spring. As I’ve previously mentioned, this is a generalization. However, with this universal love come some confusion about active growing seasons. It’s important to note that when succulents go “dormant”, that it’s more of a slow growing period than a true dormancy. Most varieties go dormant in winter and are frost-tender, meaning they can’t handle temps below 32 degrees F. Winter Conditions That Damage Succulents These common… If the succulent is alive, it will be green and feel moist underneath. Indoor care for succulent plants in winter is primarily about lighting. Many succulents are dormant in the winter so they won’t need as much water. Most succulents go dormant in the winter, but some are winter growers. These winter succulents form attractive, dense mats of large rosettes (“hens”) surrounded by many smaller ones (“chicks”) in a wide array of colors. However, the level of caring will be different depending on whether the succulent is winter or summer dormant. Sleeping plants do not need food. I wanted to point out a few genera of succulents from each list above and point out why it makes sense in that particular category. Along with the trees, they’ll display some stunning color changes before they hibernate for the winter. Winter Dormancy. Most succulents will continue their active growth so long as the prevailing conditions are favorable. You’ve likely realized by now that knowing what varieties of succulents you own in important in keeping them healthy year round. When fall arrives, with it’s cooler temperatures, they’ll open up a little more. Otherwise, in most cases, you don’t even need to water it at all and just leave it alone until its growing season comes around. During their growing phase, succulent plants like regular watering. Aeoniums are a classic example, as are Haworthia, Kalanchoes, Senecios, Portucalaria and Crassula. In fact, most experts agree that succulents are “opportunistic growers”–meaning they will grow when conditions are right, and slow down when they’re not ideal. While these succulents will do just fine in temperate climates, they do most of their growing when temperatures get warmer. 3,277 other succulent lovers also enjoyed this article in the last 30 days. Let's, HOW TO PREPARE YOUR SUCCULENTS FOR WINTER. Winter Succulent Orostachys. which succulents will grow best where you live, What soil will help your succulents thrive, How to water succulents the right way to prevent an untimely death for your plants :). While succulents can be placed into general categories of summer growers or winter growers, this is not a hard fast rule. Is your succulent dormant over winter? It's not like they use a calendar, y'know? For the majority of succulents, dormancy happens in winter, but some like Aeoniums are dormant in summer. Most succulent species tend to thrive in the temperate weather of the spring and fall. It therefore follows they need even less when they're not growing in fall and winter… Christmas cactus and Thanksgiving cactus bloom in winter. We love succulents for their supposed easy-care instructions but, heads up, they do need a bit of natural light to survive. Succulents for the most part go through a dormant or hibernation phase in the winter, where all they want is for you to leave them alone. They just aren’t fans of the heat. Click here to get access to my free Succulents for Beginners course! Is your succulent dormant over winter? A species that is winter dormant will slow down and, conversely, winter growers (which are usually dormant during the summer) will take off. In fact, the caring works for putting the succulent inside is more a task of maintenance. During this time, they require even less water. They still take a little break when it gets really hot (over 100 degrees Fahrenheit) and aren’t too keen on growing during the winter. During the winter months some succulents, like Euphorbia and Pachypodium, can slip into dormancy due to lower light. Let's sign up! Dormancy is a period in plants when their growth, and physical activity are temporarily slowed down. Baja_Costero Nov 26, 2020 10:14 PM CST . | Quote | Post #2388598 (1) Name: Baja Baja California (Zone 11b) Be a superhero and wear a mask. a Now that your succulents are inside, it’s time to start taking care of them! Winter dormant succulents, or summer growers, will grow mainly in spring, summer and autumn and lie dormant for winter. Haworthia, Aloe, and Aeonium are some of the indoor jewels that keep growing in winter. It will tell you what it needs, and when it needs it. The biggest discussion around succulent dormancy is when succulents are in need of more or less frequent watering. Many are dormant during winter and need little water. Common Winter Dormant Succulents Winter dormant succulents are like animals that go into hibernation. Here’s our guide on winter succulent care. Let’s bring it all back to the comment from the beginning of this post… Your succulent will tell you when it’s growing. The most important factor in your succulent’s winter care regime is whether your species becomes dormant over the winter or not. © 2020 Take a look at this discussion for some great examples. In case of succulents with caudex like Adenium Desert Rose, they often lose leaves during dormancy but their caudex still looks healthy and plump. Here’s our guide on winter succulent care. Water very little. We have over 60 varieties featured with more added each week! Traditionally, succulents might be divided into categories of “Winter Dormant” and “Summer Dormant”. Some of them can become dormant and grow more slowly when the weather is too hot or too cold, and turn active again when the temperatures are ideal for their growth. This article including the dormancy table above serves as a general point of reference giving you some preliminary information on succulent dormancy. I have an entire post on dormancy that includes a list of which succulents are winter growers and which are summer growers. Or fully dormant – the plant has completely stopped growing. If they’re not, your succulents are likely to be in dormancy. It’s different for “winter growing” succulents—they go dormant in the heat of summer but still need water during this time to help their roots remain cool and prevent the leaves from drooping. As mentioned above, make sure you limit the amount of water these plants receive as they can easily rot while dormant. Slow down a bit and let things get back to a more normal state before watering again. But you also need to become familiar with your succulents, your growing area, and your tendency to “over love” or “neglect” your succulents. Some of them are much more likely to grow well for you than others. Basically, you shouldn’t water succulents when: They are beautiful, drought tolerant, and can be a great plant for new gardeners. Yellowing, translucent and about to burst? If the succulent is alive, it will be green and feel moist underneath. Sunlight – We notice when days are getting longer or shorter and this tells us what season is coming. In this article you’ll learn not only the active growing seasons of specific succulents, but also what changes you need to make to keep your succulents happy year round. But each variety in each genus is different and requires detailed research when it comes to their dormant period. Sempervivum variety stressed red from cold temperatures. ... Succulents. It's not recommended to repot your succulents … Reduce it down to once a month but it’s also a good idea to check the moisture level of the soil before watering. Only do it when the soil is completely dry. For a succulent with no branch, you can try to scratch the stem. Simply pick a small branch and bend it sharply. Place a dormant succulent in an area with at least three to four hours of bright light. They put off so many new chicks you won’t know what to do with them. Some of the links on this page may be affiliate links, meaning we receive a commission if you make a purchase through these links. Remember that cold weather means succulent soil stays wet longer, and will not need to be watered as frequently. Grasses and other herbaceous (which means “not woody”) plants either die off completely or die down to their roots. Winter Dormant Summer growers This group is generally regarded as the “summer growers”. All are exceptional winter succulents and strong performers. Perfect for gifts as well! However, during the coldest parts of the winter (December/January in the US) they will go through a mini dormancy. Some go to sleep in the winter, like Pincushion cacti, agave plants, and your cold-hardy sedums. This method is suggested by Oklahoma State University and has been used to test many kinds of plants. It’s not recommended to repot your succulents during their dormancy and disturb their “deep sleep”. Many are dormant during winter and need little water. Know more about these Cold Hardy Succulents for Winters this article. In fact, the simple act of keeping your succulents indoors is mitigating, or possibly negating entirely, the effects of dormancy. The amazing thing about succulents is they are find their way into gardens all over the world. Succulent dormancy for heat is a different story. Sempervivum will tolerate frost, snow and ice but don’t love heat. 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